Our first lesson: Expressionism

I know these titles have scared you a little bit. But I promise to be a fun guide for you, and with this information, you can be a sought-after name in intellectual environments! Let's start a short art history journey if you've buckled up. Let's jump to the late 19th and early 20th centuries! OK, don't run away, I'm just joking.

Karl Schimdt- Rottluff- Woman With A Bag (1915)  Karl Schimdt- Rottluff- Woman With A Bag (1915) [1]

What is this Expressionism, why should we know about it?

With the Renaissance, science came to the fore and everything began to be based on reason and experimentation, and for a very long time the subject of art naturally tended towards the physical. After all, human beings have feelings (even if some of you don't accept it). As a result of a very material relationship with the world, human beings could only stay so far away from their feelings and inner world.

It started with artists conveying not objective realities, but the subjective experiences and emotions created by these objects or events. This is exactly why expressionism is so important! Because it caused a break in the history of art and tried to change the purpose and form of art.

Okay, okay, you're right, this is getting a little boring. Let's move on to where I'll share some of the features and interesting facts.

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner- Street, Berlin (1913) Ernst Ludwig Kirchner- Street, Berlin (1913)[2]

What are the features that will be useful for intellectual conversations?

  • It appeared in Germany
  • It made room for a form of expression independent of reality and for the inner world, moods and fantasies of the artists.
  • It has spread to a wide range of art forms, including architecture, painting, literature, theatre, dance, film and music.
  • Expressionism, which we can define as the mainstream, can be seen as the pioneer of abstract art.
  • This can be a bit disappointing. Because it is a difficult movement to define as it seems to overlap with many other movements.
  • Now I can cheer you up a little with a clue that will make it a little easier for you to recognise. It created a character for himself with vivid, exaggerated and unnatural colours and bold brushstrokes on this path it set out to paint emotions. In addition, perspective is sometimes deliberately distorted in order to increase the power of expression.

Did you know that the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche's book Thus Spoke Zarathustra is considered an important precursor of expressionism?


If you talk a little bit about the artists and their works, if you say you are ready for intellectual conversations;

  • Edvard Munch
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
  • Paul Klee
  • Franz Marc
  • Wassily Kandinsky
  • Otto Mueller
  • Henri Matisse
  • Karl Schimdt- Rottluff
  • Emil Nolde
  • Max Pechstein
  • Alexej von Jawlensky
Edvard Munch- Scream (1893) Edvard Munch- Scream (1893) 


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